Different types of investments you need to know about

When some people hear about the investment, they assume it’s solely for the wealthy. In contrast to such misconceptions, everyone may begin investing, regardless of their income. A person should start investing as soon as possible.

I will walk you through the various investment options in this article so you can choose the one that will best help you reach your financial objectives.

Various investment options you should be aware of

Stocks, bonds, mutual funds, index funds, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and Agriculture are a few examples of the different forms of investments. I will explain each of them so that you can discover which of these may be suitable for you.


Stock is also known as Equities. Trading or investing in this investment option is a terrific strategy to develop or enhance wealth.

Investors with moderate to high-risk appetites engage in extensive trading in this asset. To get the intended outcome, the risk component of its price volatility must be managed carefully.

Equities are tested strategies for capital growth and dividend income (for dividend-paying shares). The ability to do both fundamental and technical research is one of the best ways to invest in this sector.

These evaluations aid in choosing which stock to purchase and when. Additionally, when to sell certain stocks.


Shares are regarded as growth investments as they have the potential to increase the value of your initial investment over the long to medium term.

Dividends, which are essentially a percentage of a company’s earnings distributed to its shareholders, are another source of income that may be received if you own shares.

Of again, shares’ worth might potentially decrease below what you paid for them. Shares are often best suited to long-term investors who are fine with these ups and downs because prices can be erratic from day to day.

Shares, sometimes referred to as equities, are among the riskiest investment categories even though they have traditionally produced larger returns than other assets.

When deciding where to invest your money, think about the Nigerian Stock Exchange. Include equities in your portfolio.


An investment in a bond is a loan to a business or the government. When you buy a bond, you give the bond issuer permission to borrow your funds and repay you with interest.

Although bonds may give smaller returns than stocks, they are typically seen as less hazardous than equities. As with any loan, the issuer defaulting is the main risk, but there are policies in place to protect investors.

Corporate bonds are typically seen as the next less risky alternative after state and local government bonds. In general, interest rates decrease when bond risk decreases. Check out our introduction to bonds for additional information.

Treasury Bills

To supply the federal government with short-term finance, the Central Bank issues Treasury Bills, which are short-term debt instruments. They are by definition the most liquid money market instruments and are supported by the federal government’s guarantee.

They are typically issued in the Central Bank of Nigeria’s biweekly primary market auction for tenors of 91 days, 182 days, and 364 days. The interest rate (stop rate) during the auction is variable and depends on the amount the apex bank offers and the level of demand.

Despite the advantages, buying T-Bills and government bonds may be quite expensive, which restricts the pool of potential buyers.

Mutual funds

This is an additional low-cost method of investing in Nigeria. You may invest in some extremely successful mutual funds in Nigeria with as little as N10,000 and watch your money increase.

A seasoned money manager set together this mutual fund as a cooperative investment program. The money manager invests in profitable financial assets by combining money from several sources.

The ideal alternative for people who lack an in-depth understanding of the complex financial market or who lack the time to independently research the market is a mutual fund.